By Alan Villiers
Even though the exciting age of constantly seeing huge square-rigged ships in complete sail has handed, this gripping narrative is a vintage evaluation of those attention-grabbing ships, written through an writer who knew them within out. This e-book is a step by step creation to the ships and their spell binding designs, the treacherous routes they sailed, and the expert talents of guys who labored on them. whole with either insights into the bygone period of cruising and exciting tales of perilous adventures at sea, this is often the ideal compendium for sailors, historians, and shuttle lovers alike.
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Extra resources for Square-Rigged Ships: An Introduction
From some ports, it was customary to use a tug and tow outside before trying to sail – from Melbourne, for example, with its notorious Rip, from New York, with its awkward channels and vast traffic, from London, Hamburg, and Liverpool, and many other ports for much the same reasons. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. Monsoon W. E. E. Trade Variables of Capricorn Probable northern boundary of westerly winds Ice Limit Westerlies 19 But this was the boys’ way. In the last trades of the big sailingships – Chilean nitrates, grain from Australian outports, guano from the Seychelles or Peru, lumber from America’s northwest or from Baltic ports to East Africa – tugs were hardly used at all except in large European or American ports.
Haul the headsheets over when the wind gets on the other bow, and ease off the spanker boom. When filling aft, Fore Bowline Let go and Haul,* and train (trim) all sail for the other tack. It is all there, perhaps, if you are thoroughly familiar with the operation already. But that account is just what it is meant to be, an answer for a verbal examination, to be gabbled off * These were the standard orders as used in British ships. 28 and on to the next. These old seamanship ‘Guides’, after all, were no record for posterity but meant for the one purpose, to help get knowledgeable candidates through what they considered the formidable examinations for their Board of Trade certificates of competence, without which there was no advancement in the profession.
They could sail suddenly by night into ice, be dismasted and the ships’ own steel yards flail her to death as she pitched in the sea: be flung on her beam ends, the hatches stove in, and down like a stone. Even in the 20th century, it was not unusual some years for ten or twelve big square-riggers to be missing: they sailed silently and were silent forever after, overwhelmed somehow in the sea. These apprentices were a fine lot of young fellows of considerable spirit or they would scarcely have gone to sea in sail at all.
Square-Rigged Ships: An Introduction by Alan Villiers