By Simon Dunstan
Conceived on the top of worldwide battle II, the British Centurion and the Soviet T-55 have been at the start anticipated to counter the ambitious Panther and Tiger tanks of Germany. yet because the chilly warfare opened up, those machines ready in its place for the arrival fight among NATO and the Warsaw Pact. notwithstanding they by no means fought in Europe, those tanks grew to become the mainstay of the chilly War's proxy forces world wide. From Korea to the center East and directly to Angola, those armored warring parties clashed again and again, attaining their crescendo at the Golan Heights throughout the Yom Kippur struggle the place 177 Centurions of the IDF took on a drastically stronger Arab strength. This booklet compares the layout, improvement and deployment of those vintage tanks, and analyses their battlefield functionality. provided with hugely distinctive electronic paintings, this can be a tightly targeted research of 2 of the chilly War's first major conflict tanks.
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Additional resources for Centurion vs T-55: Yom Kippur War 1973 (Duel)
As soon as the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) learnt of the Soviet arms deal, they approached the French for a means to up-gun the M-1 in a similar manner as the Sherman Firefly of World War II fame. By 1955, a prototype vehicle was produced by the Atelier de Bourges arsenal. It mounted the French CN 75-50 75mm gun, as fitted to the AMX-13, in a heavily modified Sherman turret on an M4A4 chassis. A modification programme began during early 1956 in Israel: it was to be the birth of a fledgling Israeli tank industry.
After protracted negotiations, the first shipment of Centurions arrived in Israel in late 1959. THE WATER WAR 38 The Centurion was the first modern Main Battle Tank (MBT) to enter service with the IAC. At 50 tons, it was much heavier and more complex than previous tanks. From the outset, problems were encountered with the tank, particularly when operating in the training areas of the Negev Desert. The abrasive dust caused air filters to clog, leading to engines overheating and on occasions catching fire while brake failures were commonplace.
These encounters showed the need for improved gunnery procedures and the new commander of the Israeli Armored Corps, Brigadier Israel Tal, rigorously imposed these. Thereafter, the Syrians tried to divert the headwaters of the Jordan River in order to deprive Israel of a large proportion of its fresh water supplies. qxd:Centurion vs T-55 31/7/09 14:06 Page 40 In what became known as the Water War, tanks were employed to destroy Syrian engineering equipment engaged in the diversion project. In time, the 105mm armed Shots proved capable of hitting targets as small as a bulldozer, at ranges out to 11km.
Centurion vs T-55: Yom Kippur War 1973 (Duel) by Simon Dunstan