By Kirk W Madison, Kai Bongs, Lincoln D Carr, Ana Maria Rey, Hui Zhai
The purpose of this ebook is to offer assessment articles describing the newest theoretical and experimental advancements within the box of chilly atoms and molecules. Our wish is this sequence will advertise examine through either highlighting fresh breakthroughs and through outlining essentially the most promising learn instructions within the field.
Readership: study scientists together with graduate scholars and higher point undergraduate scholars.
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Additional info for Annual Review of Cold Atoms and Molecules, volume 2
1 × 105 after 150 ms. The atom number in the reservoir decreases slightly, initially because of migration into the dimple and on longer timescales because of light assisted loss processes in the laser cooled cloud. We carefully check that evaporation of atoms out of the dimple region is negligible even for the highest temperatures of the gas. Although clearly present, the BEC is not very well visible in Fig. 10(b), because it is shrouded by 8 × 106 thermal atoms originating from the reservoir. To show the BEC with higher contrast, we have developed a background reduction technique.
5 after 20 ms of free expansion. From the observed expansion we determine a chemical potential of µ/k B ≈ 150 nK for the conditions of Fig. 8, where the trap was recompressed to the setting at which the phase transition occurs in the evaporation ramp. Within the experimental uncertainties, this agrees with the calculated value of µ/k B ≈ 180 nK. The corresponding Rice experiment reaching BEC in 84 Sr 68 resembles the Innsbruck experiment very closely. Nearly all experimental parameters of the sequence are almost identical to the one described above.
Finally, narrow-line PA near the 1S0 − 3P1 inter-combination transition is different in many ways from traditional PA with broad, electric-dipoleallowed transitions, and it holds promise for OFRs with reduced losses. 1. One-color photoassociation For a PA measurement, a sufficiently cold and dense cloud of atoms is illuminated by light detuned from an atomic transition. The frequency of the light is varied, and whenever it comes into resonance with a transition between two free atoms and an excited molecular state, molecules are created.
Annual Review of Cold Atoms and Molecules, volume 2 by Kirk W Madison, Kai Bongs, Lincoln D Carr, Ana Maria Rey, Hui Zhai