By Mohammed Akram Nadwi
Abu Hanifah Nu'man ibn Thabit was once one of many maximum pioneers within the historical past of Islamic legislations, relatively in criminal reasoning. The Hanafi felony institution that he based has turn into the main commonly one of the world's Muslims. in line with basic resources, this research of the lifestyles and legacy of Abu Hanifah additionally surveys the evolution of Hanafi felony reasoning (fiqh) in numerous areas of the Islamic international and assesses its old distinctiveness.
Mohammed Akram Nadwi is a study fellow on the Oxford Centre for Islamic stories, and is the writer of numerous works together with al-Muhaddithat: the ladies students in Islam (2007).
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Extra info for Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy
Indeed, the Sunnah, strictly speaking, is not synonymous with ḥadīth texts, which were once a convenient, and are now the only surviving, record of it. Initially, the Sunnah meant the way the Prophet understood and lived the Qurān, which the Companions had learnt from his teaching them. When they heard words from him, they knew – as everyone knows when they hear speech directly, from the context of the occasion, from the tone of voice, from an array of non-verbal signals – how to distinguish command from counsel, the more important from the less important, the essential and universal from the contingent and local.
Chapter 3 describes the establishment of the Kufan school, the methodology and characteristics of Abū Ḥanīfah’s fiqh. Chapter 4 gives an account of some of his major works, and how his tradition was transmitted by his famous students. In Chapter 5, following a recapitulation of Abū Ḥanīfah’s achievement, I give a brief survey of how his legacy evolved through the development of the Ḥanafī school: this will be difficult for readers new to the subject, because it contains more information than discussion, but I hope it may be useful to those who want to know the principal figures and works of later Ḥanafī jurisprudence.
Thus God, Exalted is He, benefited me by his advice. (Makkī, Manāqib, i. 59) Al-Shabī was an eminent Successor and is counted as the most senior of Abū Ḥanīfah’s teachers. Following this meeting with him, Abū Ḥanīfah launched himself with earnest into scholarly preparation. Some sources suggest that he was drawn first of all to what later came to be known as kalām (dogmatics or theology), and took an active part in the controversies among representatives of different sects such as the Khārijīs and the Mutazilīs.
Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy by Mohammed Akram Nadwi