By A. Phillips Griffiths
A. J. Ayer, who died in 1989, used to be stated as considered one of Britain's so much wonderful philosophers. during this memorial selection of essays major Western philosophers contemplate Ayer's position within the heritage of philosophy and discover facets of his idea and educating. the quantity additionally features a posthumous essay by way of Ayer himself: "A Defence of Empiricism." those essays are unquestionably a becoming tribute to a big determine, however the assortment isn't really easily retrospective; quite it appears to be like ahead to offer and destiny advancements in philosophical proposal that Ayer's paintings has encouraged.
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Extra info for A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays (Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements (No. 30))
The question has not been pressed as to why Ayer does not take the ethics of belief to be as non-cognitive as the ethics of conduct, as he did by implication in his account of rationality in Language, Truth and Logic. Secondly, there is the helpful schematization of problems in the theory of knowledge, about perception, other minds, the past, induction and so on as arising from the scepticism generated by a gap between 43 Anthony Quinton certain kinds of belief—about material things, past events, the minds of others, the laws of nature—and the only evidence that is available for them—sense-data, memories and traces, behaviour and observed regularities.
Freddie would say proudly, at a party, or in Oxford. 'Yes. ' And his smile went from ear to ear. That's what I mean by being a maestro. The centre of the department's activity was the Monday five o'clock seminar. Everyone turned up except the first-year students. No-one had to. I once mentioned to Freddie a seminar I knew of in some department at which attendance was compulsory. 'Good God' he said in horror. A book was selected for the term. Week by week someone would either volunteer or be nominated to write something on the reading for the week.
In the last resort, philosophical method remained untested. At any rate it was too little tested. Freddie decided to go back to Oxford in 1960, largely, as far as I could see, in order to resume his duel with Austin. By now the stakes had for Freddie become serious. Whole generations of philosophers had become Austinians. Blindfolded they could point to the errors in The Foundations ofEmpirical Knowledge. Just when Freddie had made his decision and his successor had been appointed, Austin died.
A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays (Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements (No. 30)) by A. Phillips Griffiths