By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The free up of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's broad archive of surveillance documents, interviews, and firsthand bills has made it attainable to bare the reality in the back of the myths and misperceptions in regards to the country of Islam. This accomplished source catalogues the days, areas, and other people that formed the philosophies from its early life via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A heritage of The state of Islam: Race, Islam, and the search for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used resources. The e-book departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" remedy of the topic, and as an alternative examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the flow submit Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
Muhammad validated his predications against a background of challenges to white hegemony at home and abroad. Brenda Gayle Plummer, for example, notes that the Afro-Asian Bandung Conference in 1955 “ . . ”28 MOVEMENT MEMBERSHIP The majority of NOI members were pulled from the African American proletariat. Hatim notes that NOI members were “characterised by low 36 A History of the Nation of Islam status, lack of necessary education . . ” 29 NOI minister Akbar Muhammad agrees with this assessment: “I was a helper of Honorable Elijah Muhammad and I felt that most of the people were really converted .
Such neglect on the part of scholars appears to stem from a widely held, but nonetheless mistaken, belief that women were silent partners in the group and a more alarming obsession with the male personalities of the movement. The NOI’s literature and interviews with former members reveal that women found within the NOI a host of opportunities to pursue leadership, business, and education. African American women contributed to various aspects of the Nation’s daily operations. In particular, women made significant contributions to the management of the NOI schools, the Muslim Girls 38 A History of the Nation of Islam Training (MGT), and business enterprises.
As a young teenager, Malcolm performed exceptionally well at school despite the turmoil that had punctuated his Building an Empire, 1934–1960 39 young childhood. His dreams of becoming a lawyer came to a premature end after his teacher, Mr. ”40 Malcolm left school after this encounter and soon thereafter moved to Boston with his sister, and later moved to New York. Malcolm drifted into criminality in Harlem. Malcolm existed on a diet of pimping, drugs, and burglary. He was eventually arrested for burglary and given an eight-to-ten-year prison sentence in 1946.
A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom by Dawn-Marie Gibson