A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 - download pdf or read online

By Malyn Newitt

ISBN-10: 0203324048

ISBN-13: 9780203324042

ISBN-10: 0415239796

ISBN-13: 9780415239790

ISBN-10: 041523980X

ISBN-13: 9780415239806

A heritage of Portuguese in another country enlargement 1400-1668 provides an available survey of ways the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as faraway as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the tips and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a all over the world enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in another country groups have been, surviving wars and ordinary failures, and heading off assaults via the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and word list, A historical past of Portuguese in another country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of eu expansion

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Fernando’s army assembled to fight Castile in 1381 had bombards and, although older forms of siege engine continued to be used for another fifty years, it was artillery which enabled the Portuguese to seize Alcazer in 1458, Arzila and Tangier in 1472 and thereafter to occupy one Moroccan coastal town after another. 48 As with other European armies, the expansion of the use of firearms in Iberia helped to make the old feudal armies obsolete. Guns needed expert handling and maintenance; they had to be supplied with munitions and mounted with expertise on board ship or in specially constructed gun emplacements in fortresses.

As these men were often extremely experienced and skilled, they formed a highly important part of any Portuguese army of the period. For their part many skilled Portuguese soldiers took service abroad. 45 Maintaining such an army involved not only problems of recruitment and manpower but also the logistical problems of keeping such large forces shod, fed and paid. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries there was a royal arsenal in Lisbon where military equipment was stored and maintained, and the Military Orders were also expected to keep weapons and stores in their fortresses.

62 The first settlements in Madeira began to be made about 1424. The systematic exploration of the Azores, also known to seamen in the fourteenth century, took place between 1427 and 1431. Together with the unsuccessful voyages to the Canaries between 1424 and 1427, these expeditions form a continuum of effort over the years 1418 to 1431 which is remarkable. The success of the settlements led the Infante Dom Henrique in 1433 to petition for formal jurisdiction over the islands of Madeira, and in 1439 he was granted similar jurisdiction in the Azores for himself and for the Order of Christ.

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A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

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