Download PDF by András I. Stipsicz, Robert E. Gompf: 4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus (Graduate Studies in

By András I. Stipsicz, Robert E. Gompf

ISBN-10: 0821809946

ISBN-13: 9780821809945

The earlier 20 years have introduced explosive progress in 4-manifold thought. Many books are at present showing that process the subject from viewpoints similar to gauge conception or algebraic geometry. This quantity, in spite of the fact that, deals an exposition from a topological standpoint. It bridges the space to different disciplines and provides classical yet vital topological recommendations that experience now not formerly seemed within the literature. half I of the textual content offers the fundamentals of the speculation on the second-year graduate point and gives an summary of present study. half II is dedicated to an exposition of Kirby calculus, or handlebody idea on 4-manifolds. it really is either effortless and finished. half III bargains intensive a vast diversity of themes from present 4-manifold study. issues contain branched coverings and the geography of complicated surfaces, elliptic and Lefschetz fibrations, $h$-cobordisms, symplectic 4-manifolds, and Stein surfaces. purposes are featured, and there are over three hundred illustrations and diverse routines with strategies within the e-book.

Show description

Read or Download 4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus (Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 20) PDF

Best topology books

Read e-book online Lectures on Algebraic Topology (Classics in Mathematics) PDF

Springer is reissuing a particular few hugely winning books in a brand new, reasonably cheap softcover version to cause them to simply available to more youthful generations of scholars and researchers. Springer-Verlag started publishing books in better arithmetic in 1920. it is a reprint of the second one Edition.

This is a ebook mostly approximately singular (co)homology. in an effort to do calculations on extra advanced items, CW complexes are brought. The e-book concentrates on items and manifolds. it truly is aimed toward a graduate point viewers and in that context it truly is self contained. Homological algebra is built as much as the extent wanted within the textual content. there's a reasonable volume of examples and workouts.

Topological Properties of Spaces of Continuous Functions by Robert A. McCoy PDF

This booklet brings jointly right into a basic atmosphere a variety of innovations within the research of the topological houses of areas of continuing capabilities. the 2 significant periods of functionality house topologies studied are the set-open topologies and the uniform topologies. the place applicable, the analogous theorems for the 2 significant periods of topologies are studied jointly, in order that a comparability should be made.

Shape theory : the inverse system approach by S. Mardesic, J. Segal PDF

Form conception: The Inverse approach technique

Extra info for 4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus (Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 20)

Sample text

3. We show that Hn (X r ) ∼ = 0 for n > r. Consider the long exact sequence o relative homology → Hn+1 (X i , X i−1 ) → Hn (X i−1 ) → Hn (X i ) → Hn (X i , X i−1 ) → . . 1. In this way, we get a chain of isomorphisms Hn (X r ) ∼ = Hn (X 0 ) . = Hn (X r−1 ) ∼ = ... 4. 1. Let X be a CW complex. 1 Cn (X) := Hn (X n , X n−1 ) ∼ = σ an n-cell ˜ n (Sn ) ∼ H = Z σ an n-cell is a free abelian group. For n < 0, we let Cn (X) be trivial. 2. If X has only finitely many n-cells, then the abelian group Cn (X) is finitely generated.

The boundary is ∂Bc = ∂c + ∂ψn−1 ∂c . Thus Bc is a relative cycle as well. j m be 3. Consider a singular n-chain α = m j=1 λj αj ∈ Sn (X) on X and let Lj for 1 −1 n the Lebesgue numbers for the coverings {αj (Ui ), i ∈ I} of the simplex Δ . Choose k, such that k n n+1 L1 , . . , Lm . Then B k α1 up to B k αm are all chains in SnU (X). Therefore m B k (α) = j=1 λj B k (αj ) =: α ∈ SnU (X). From part 2, we know that B k α is a cycle as well that is homologous to α. 13. For any open covering U, the injective chain map S∗U (X) → S∗ (X) induces an isomorphism in homology, HnU (X) ∼ = Hn (X).

Proof. We prove the claim by induction. μ0 was the difference class [+1] − [−1], and f (0) ([+1] − [−1]) = [−1] − [+1] = −μ0 . We defined μn in such a way that Dμn = μn−1 . Therefore, as D is natural, Hn (f (n) )μn = Hn (f (n) )D−1 μn−1 = D−1 Hn−1 (f (n−1) )μn−1 = D−1 (−μn−1 ) = −μn . 6. The antipodal map A: has degree (−1)n+1 . S n → Sn x → −x 43 Proof. (n) Let fi : Sn → Sn be the map (x0 , . . , xn ) → (x0 , . . , xi−1 , −xi , xi+1 , . . , xn ). 5, one shows that the degree of fi is −1. As A = fn ◦ .

Download PDF sample

4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus (Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 20) by András I. Stipsicz, Robert E. Gompf

by John

Rated 4.67 of 5 – based on 38 votes